In the central nervous system, the brain’s job is to send out neuron signals throughout the entire and make sure that it’s functioning properly. These neuron signals travel to the gut, the immune system, endocrine system, and the musculoskeletal system to name a few as well as make sure that each of the systems is doing its jobs correctly. When there are unwanted pathogens that begin to disrupt the neuron signals from transmitting to the brain and the body, can develop into neurological disorders that can affect the brain. In this 2 part series, we will be taking a look at how neurological disorders affect the brain. In part 2, we will be discussing what kind of therapeutic treatments dampen the effects of neurological disorders on the brain. By referring patients to qualified and skilled providers who specialized in neurological services. To that end, and when appropriate, we advise our patients to refer to our associated medical providers based on their examination. We find that education is the key to asking valuable questions to our providers. Dr. Jimenez DC provides this information as an educational service only. Disclaimer
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Neurological Disorders On The Brain
Since the brain’s main function in the central nervous system is to provide neuron signals to be transmitted in a bidirectional connection with the body, research shows that even though the brain can provide a cognitive function to the body, at any given time neurological diseases may disrupt the brain function and affect a person’s health. Now some of these neurological disorders can be categorized into 3 groups, they are:
- Brain diseases: Cerebrovascular diseases, brain trauma injury, brain tumors
- Functional brain disorders: Neurodegenerative diseases and mental disorders
- Undetectable brain disorders: Migraines and sleep disorders
Other studies have found that throughout the entire world that the magnitude and even the burden of more than 450 million individuals have been affected by some sort of mental, neurological, and behavioral disorders. That number is devastating as many individuals are suffering from neurological disorders that are affecting their brains.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD can be a variety of symptoms that can affect adults and even children at a young age. Research studies have found that ADHD in the brain are consist of functional abnormalities that can express a delay in functional brain maturation of the individual. What this means is that individuals with ADHD will have a smaller brain size than normal and will process information a bit differently. Other studies have also found that individuals that have ADHD will present difficulty in a couple of attentional and cognitive functions as well as other domains that takes a while for individuals to process information or sustain attention on the task at hand.
Just like ADHD, autism can also be a wide variety of symptoms that can affect many individuals, both young and old. Research studies show that autism is considered a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disordered that is often characterized by impaired social communication and restrictive repetitive behaviors that often show abnormal connectivity to the brain. This means that when individuals developed autism at the earliest of infancy, their entire way of thinking and performing is different from how a normal person thinks and performs simple tasks. Other studies have found that some of the major symptoms and features of autism are comprised of a multitude of abnormalities that affects the brain, these can include:
- Sensory skills
- Motor skills
- Cognitive function
- Emotional behaviors
- Repetitive behaviors
Research studies show that schizophrenia is associated with the structural changes in the brain’s cortex as well as reducing the grey matter volumes in the different cortical brain regions. Individuals who are associated with schizophrenia will have structural abnormalities complex patterns that are partially hereditary. Other studies show that the morphological background from schizophrenia actually changes the nerve cell’s process while also increasing the thickening of the brain tissue. This could be due to a variety of factors that causes the structural abnormalities of the brain that are being observed over time due to schizophrenia and if it is not treated can lead to neuronal degeneration over time.
Stem cells* or HCTP (human cellular tissue products) are considered as a form of regenerative treatment that both international and nationally affiliated clinics and distribution organizations use for individuals who are suffering from chronic illnesses that affect their bodies. HCTP has beneficial properties as it helps boost the body’s natural healing process by regenerating damaged cells, repairing organs, and tissue structure back to their original function. As more and upcoming research on HCTP continues to flourish, individuals can get their lives back pain-free from chronic illnesses.
How Neurological Disorders Affect The Brain?
Since the brain’s main job is to make sure that the neuron signals are being transported throughout the entire body, neurological disorders can affect the brain, nerves, and spinal cord that causing abnormalities within the central nervous system as research shows. Since neurological disorders are a cluster of illnesses that affect the central nervous system, it all depends on what part of the nervous system is being affected by the neurological disorders. Some of the symptoms that individuals may experience include:
Since the central nervous system is responsible for the multitude of bodily processes that the body has to use to function, neurological disorders can actually attach themselves to the neuron signals and travel throughout the body and disrupt the brain microbiome causing issues to the individual.
All in all, the brain’s main function is to make sure that the body is working properly by sending out neuron signals all throughout the body and organs to do their job. When unwanted pathogens begin to enter the body and attached themselves to the neuron signals, they can travel all throughout the body and enter the brain’s microbiome causing the development of neurological disorders to affect the brain over time. By understanding what kind of neurological disorders are affecting a person’s brain, healthcare professionals can come up with therapeutic treatments to dampen the effects of neurological disorders.
Chandra, Vijay, et al. “Neurological Disorders.” Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd Edition., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 Jan. 1970, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11793/.
Curatolo, Paolo, et al. “The Neurobiological Basis of ADHD.” Italian Journal of Pediatrics, BioMed Central, 22 Dec. 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3016271/.
Ha, Sungji, et al. “Characteristics of Brains in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Structure, Function, and Connectivity Across the Lifespan.” Experimental Neurobiology, The Korean Society for Brain and Neural Science, Dec. 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4688328/.
Iritani, Shuji. “What Happens in the Brain of Schizophrenia Patients?: An Investigation from the Viewpoint of Neuropathology.” Nagoya Journal of Medical Science, Nagoya University, Feb. 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4345712/.
Karlsgodt, Katherine H, et al. “Structural and Functional Brain Abnormalities in Schizophrenia.” Current Directions in Psychological Science, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Aug. 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4235761/.
Rubia, Katya. “Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and It’s Clinical Translation.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Frontiers Media S.A., 29 Mar. 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884954/.
Sherrell, Zia. “5 Neurological Disorders: Symptoms Explained.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 29 Nov. 2021, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/neurological-disorders.
Wang, Yongjun, et al. “What Is Brain Health and Why Is It Important?” BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), BMJ Publishing Group Ltd., 9 Oct. 2020, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7555053/.
Weston, Charles S E. “Four Social Brain Regions, Their Dysfunctions, and Sequelae, Extensively Explain Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptomatology.” Brain Sciences, MDPI, 4 June 2019, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6627615/.
The information herein on "The Effects Of Neurological Disorders On The Brain | Part 1" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.
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