- Paraparesis – slight paralysis
- Spinal deformity – scoliosis, kyphosis
Benign – Noncancerous
Aneurysmal Bone CystsAneurysmal bone cysts or ABCs usually cause pain and swelling. They can be large and typically affect children and adolescents.
Eosinophilic GranulomaThis type of spinal tumor usually develops in the vertebral bodies of children and adolescents. If the tumor is systemic it is called histiocytosis X. However, these tumors rarely lead to vertebral collapse and paraparesis. And also rarely but on occasion, they can heal spontaneously on their own.
Giant Cell TumorThis type of spinal tumor affects children, adolescents, and young adults. They can be found around the cervical, thoracic, or lumbar segments of the spine, but are more common in the sacrum region.
HemangiomaHemangiomas develop most often in the thoracic or middle back. These affect adults and are known to be vascular masses that are progressive and can cause vertebral collapse and slight paralysis.
OsteoblastomaThese tumors can be large, aggressive, and painful. They affect children and adolescents. They can sometimes cause spinal deformity and paralysis.
OsteochondromaThis a slow-growing spinal tumor that comes from cartilage and usually affects adolescents. It is uncommon and typically found in the posterior or rear of the spine.
Osteoid OsteomaA very small bone tumor that is less than 2 cm. It typically affects adolescents. It is known to cause night pain and can result in spinal deformity.
Malignant – Cancerous
ChordomaThis is typically seen in adults. About 50% involves the sacrum, but it can affect other regions of the spine. These tumors usually require aggressive treatment.
ChondrosarcomaThis tumor affects the spinal cartilage in middle-aged adults. It grows slowly but can be dangerous. Aggressive medical treatment is required.
Ewing/Ewing’s SarcomaAn aggressive spinal tumor that affects adolescents and young adults. In certain cases, it can metastasize.
LymphomaLymphoma can present in one or more vertebral bodies. It affects middle-aged and older adults. The lymphatic system can sometimes be involved.
OsteosarcomaThis is a bone cancer that develops in adolescents and middle-aged adults. It can metastasize and require aggressive medical treatment.
PlasmacytomaPlasmacytoma typically presents in middle-aged and older adults. They usually present in the pedicle and vertebral body and can cause paraparesis.
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